Heritage, landscape, graphic documentation and agroforestry construction


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We have developed many studies in this line, being experts in "internal conditions of wineries".

The environmental conditions in the aging room must be adequate but the energy expenditure of the wineries is high. Therefore, it is necessary to enhance passive strategies in the cellars, characterize their shape and geometry (especially in ancient cellars), and optimize their integration with the environment.

Some of the techniques used are 3D Laser  Scanervand infrared thermography for indoor climate control.


  • Ignacio Cañas, Fernando R. Mazarrón. Buildings and the Environment. Chapter 8: “Traditional underground wine cellars of Spain. Building and morphological properties and higrothermal behaviour”.  ISBN: 978-1-60876-128-9. Science Publishers, 2009.

  • Fuentes J.M., Cañas, I., 2007. Las bodegas subterráneas tradicionales. Características constructivas y análisis de sus posibilidades de reutilización futuras. Ingeo Túneles. ISBN 978-84-9614-023-3, 2007. 


  • Cañas Guerrero, I., Martín Ocaña S., 2005. Study of the thermal behaviour of tradicional wine cellars: the case of the area of “Tierras sorianas del Cid” (Spain).  Renewable Energy 30, 43-55.

  • Martín Ocaña, S., Cañas Guerrero, I., 2005. Comparison of hygro-thermal conditions in underground wine cellars from a Spanish area. Building and Environment 40, 1384-1394.

  • Martín, S., Cañas, I., 2006. Comparison of analytical and on site temperature results on Spanish traditional wine cellars. Applied Thermal Engineering 26, 700-708. 

  • Fuentes, J.M., Cañas, I., 2006. Subterranean wine cellars of Central-Spain (Ribera de Duero): An underground built heritage to preserve. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology 21, 237-251. 

  • Martín, S., Cañas, I., 49. A comparison Between Underground Wine Cellars and Aboveground Storage for the Aging of Spanish Wines (Spain). Transactions of the asabe 49, 1471-1478. 

  • Mazarron F.R., Cañas, I., 2008. Exponential sinusoidal model for predicting temperature inside underground wine cellars from a Spanish region. Energy and Building 40, 1931-1940. 

  • Cañas, I., R. Mazarrón, F., 2009. The effect of traditional wind vents called zarceras on the hygrothermal behaviour of underground wine cellars in Spain. Building and Environment 44, 1818-1826. 

  • R. Mazarrón, F., Cañas I., 2009. Seasonal analysis of the thermal behaviour of traditional underground wine cellars in Spain. Renewable Energy 34 (11), 2484-2492.

  • Cañas, I., Cid-Falceto, J., R. Mazarrón, F., 2012. Wine cellars built underground: soil properties in the “Ribera del Duero (Spain). Informes de la Construcción 64, 287-296. 

  • R. Mazarrón, F., López-Ocón, E., A. Garcimartín, M., Cañas, I., 2012. Assessment of basement constructions in the winery industry. Tunnelling and Underground Space 35, 200-206. 

  • R. Mazarrón, F., Cid-Falceto, J., Cañas-Guerrero, I., 2012. Assessment of aboveground winery buildings for the aging and conservation of wine. Applied engineering in agriculture 28, 903-310. 

  • Title: Bioclimatic building techniques in Cellars. Study under the reuse of farm buildings

         University: Polytechnic University of Madrid

  • Title: Study of the internal conditions of the underground cellars in Spain as a model of eco-building

         University: Polytechnic University of Madrid

         Center / School: School of Agriculture

  • Title of the project: The underground construction of Cellars. Winery Eco-construction systems for high-quality wines.Funding: Ministry of Education and Culture

         Participants: Polytechnic University of Madrid, University of Santiago de             Compostela
         Duration: 2004-2007
         Grant amount: € 66,700

  • Title of the project: The underground construction of wineries, a model of energy savings by building systems. Study of hygrothermal conditions, ventilation and simulation models

         Funding: Ministry of Education and Science
         Duration: 2010-2013
         Grant amount: 99,220, €


The  PADOC (heritage, landscape, graphic documentation and agroforestry construction)  research group was formally established as a Consolidated Research Group at the Polytechnic University of Madrid in 2005.
Teachers participating in it belong to two architecture schools and two schools of agriculture:
School of Architecture at the Polytechnic University of Madrid.
The School of Architecture and Geodesy, University of Alcalá de Henares
College of Agricultural Engineering of the Polytechnic University of Madrid.
Superior Technical School of Agricultural Engineering of the Polytechnic University of Madrid.



Some of the projects in which the group is currently working on are:

-Cocoa. New project: Study Cocoa agro-industrial waste. Funded by Universidad Politécnica de Madrid Within the “Proyectos-Semilla (PID)”. Project Manager Ignacio Cañas Guerrero. This project is in collaboration with Central University of Venezuela. Duration 2015. Other information in cocoa: http://www.grupoinvestigacionpadoc.com/investigacion/investigacion.php?iditem=62&lang=en

-Cocoa: Valuing cultural heritage of cocoa through tourism landscapes.

-Landscape integration of Greenhouses and wind farms.

-Integrating Agricultural buildings into the landscape: reuse.

-Underground Cellars, an energy-saving model through building systems. The study of hygrothermal conditions, ventilation and simulation models.

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